By Abraham Lincoln
Original 12 months of publication: 1989
Abraham Lincoln was once the best author of the Civil warfare in addition to its maximum political chief. His transparent, appealing, and now and then uncompromisingly critical language ceaselessly formed the nation’s realizing of its such a lot poor clash. This quantity, besides its significant other, Abraham Lincoln: Speeches and Writings 1832–1858, includes the main finished choice ever released. Over 550 speeches, messages, proclamations, letters, and different writings—including the Inaugural and Gettysburg addresses and the relocating condolence letter to Mrs. Bixby—record the phrases and deeds with which Lincoln defended, preserved, and redefined the Union.
Don E. Fehrenbacher (1920–1997), quantity editor, was once professor of historical past at Stanford college. He used to be the writer of numerous books, together with Prelude to Greatness: Lincoln within the 1850’s, The Dred Scott Case: Its value in American legislations and Politics, and Lincoln in textual content and Context.
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Extra resources for Abraham Lincoln: Speeches & Writings, Part 2: 1859-1865 (Library of America, Volume 46)
50 Buffon chose this opening list of creatures carefully: these large animals were not only known to the general public, but they were regarded with a sense of awe, and viewed in an almost magisterial light by the readers of Natural History. And they were found only in the Old World, putting the reader in the proper mindset for thinking of the Old World as both different and inherently superior to the New. Buffon also used his rhetorical skills to that effect in another subtle way. He could have approached his topic by emphasizing those creatures that existed only in the Old World— what the reader might expect from a treatise entitled “Dissertation on Animals Peculiar to the Old World”—but, instead, Buffon’s emphasis was on what could not be found in the New World, again calling attention to the fact that something must be amiss there.
Have never produced a single book. This degradation of humanity must be imputed to the vitiated qualities of the air stagnated in their immense forests, and corrupted by noxious vapours from standing waters and uncultivated grounds. C orneli u s de Pau w, 17 6 8 . 1 The Prussian clergyman Cornelius de Pauw had much more to say along these lines in his 1768 book, Philosophical Researches on the Americans (Recherches philosophiques sur les Américains). And de Pauw was not alone in extending Buffon’s degeneration argument from animals and indigenous peoples to the more general case of Europeans and their descendants in the New World.
His vitriol was genuine, but it was his only historically defining trait. His sole claim to fame (or infamy) is his work on New World degeneracy per se, which is to say that he was read for his thoughts on degeneracy and not for historical content. This was not the case for the French Abbé Guillaume-Thomas Raynal, who could be equally vituperative when it came to America and degeneracy, but who was a deeper, more respected, but also more paradoxical, character than de Pauw. 35 These volumes were packed with world history, economics, political philosophy and anthropology.