By Harry A. Hoffner
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Extra resources for A grammar of the Hittite language: Reference grammar
4. Because we have no living speaker of the Hittite language, acoustic recording, or transcription of Hittite words in an ancient contemporary alphabetic script, we have no way of knowing the precise sounds of the language. 5. ” Signs on Hittite tablets are written left to right, with spaces between words. , the noun ‘king’, the adjective ‘large’, or the verb ‘to sit down’). Logograms in Hittite texts consist of words from the Sumerian and Akkadian languages; the former are called Sumerograms, the latter Akkadograms.
Neut. šu-u-ú and sg. acc. com. 57, p. 104). The hyper-plene spelling here probably points to a stem /suwu-/ with an unusual sequence /-uwu-/ (see Goetze 1954: 404 n. 13 and AHP 54–55 and 115). The /w/ ﬁlls a hiatus produced by loss of a PIE laryngeal (see Watkins 1975: 378 and Oettinger 1976a: 39 n. 72). 142, p. 48). A mere long vowel /su:-/ (Berman 1972b: 188–89) would not account for the hyper-plene spelling (see also the discussion of Weitenberg 1984: 136–40). 11, p. 320). 9. 12 Rare exceptions to this rule are signiﬁcant in that they often mark a clitic boundary.
37. We assume that logograms in Hittite contexts were normally pronounced by Hittite scribes with their Hittite equivalents, both when reading a tablet aloud and when dictating. 30 Words could be written with Sumerograms to which the ﬁnal syllable (often containing the all-important inﬂectional ending) was indicated as a phonetic complement: -uš ‘king’ (subject case [nominative], singular), un (direct object case [accusative], singular), -iš ‘great’ (subject case [nominative], singular), -zi (= Hitt.