By David M. Golomb
Booklet by means of Golomb, David M.
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Among the second elements used in the experiment were kami~gami 髪 ‘hair’, which almost always undergoes rendaku ([+rendaku]), and ti~zi 血 ‘blood’, which almost never does ([−rendaku]). The test was a two-way forced choice “wug” test (Berko 1958) involving real elements in novel combinations, that is, compounds that are not established in the contemporary Tokyo Japanese vocabulary. The results showed that the [+rendaku] item generally did not undergo rendaku in one case (siro+kami ‘white hair’, written 〈白髪〉), whereas the [−rendaku] item generally did undergo rendaku in one case (mimi+zi ‘ear bleeding’, written 〈耳血〉).
The results showed that the [+rendaku] item generally did not undergo rendaku in one case (siro+kami ‘white hair’, written 〈白髪〉), whereas the [−rendaku] item generally did undergo rendaku in one case (mimi+zi ‘ear bleeding’, written 〈耳血〉). Ohno (2000: 163) thus concludes that rendaku application is determined by lexical analogy to existing compounds (cf. , [±rendaku]) does not capture the results very well. Another experiment approached the same issue from a different perspective (Fukuda & Fukuda 1999).
Kane ‘money’ (see Ito & Mester 1997a). Ito and Mester (2003b) develop an OT equivalent of this derivational analysis, incorporating the distinction between Lexical Phonology and post-Lexical Phonology (Kiparsky 1982) back into Optimality Theory. See Ito and Mester (1997b) for an analysis based on Sympathy Theory (McCarthy 1999) and Ito and Mester (2003b) for criticisms of the Sympathy-based analysis. 4 The Right-Branch Condition In addition to rendaku itself and to Lyman’s Law, another aspect of rendaku that has received theoretical attention is the Right-Branch Condition (Otsu 1980: 219).